Pronunciation Suffix
  1. (added to verbs) A person or thing that does an action indicated by the root verb; used to form an agent noun.
    Antonyms: -ee
    read + -er → reader
    cook + -er → cooker
    compute + -er → computer
    run + -er → runner
    toast + -er → toaster
    do good + -er → do-gooder
  2. (added to verbs, informal) A person or thing to which the root verb can satisfactorily be done.
    look + -er → looker
    keep + -er → keeper
  3. (added to a noun denoting an occupation) A person whose occupation is (the noun).
    astrology + -er → astrologer
    cricket + -er → cricketer
    trumpet + -er → trumpeter
  4. (added to a number, measurement or noun denoting a quantified set) A name for a person or thing that is based on a number (with or without a noun).
    six + -er → sixer
    six foot + -er → six-footer
    three-wheel + -er → three-wheeler
    first grade + -er → first-grader
  5. (slang, chiefly, entertainment, with few limitations) Used to form nouns shorter than more formal synonyms.
    percent + -er → percenter
    one hand + -er → one-hander
    oat + -er → oater
  6. (informal, added to a noun) One who enjoys.
    Tooners lined up for tickets to Toy Story.
  7. (derogatory, added to nouns) Person who subscribes to a particular conspiracy theory or unorthodox belief.
    anti-vax + -er → anti-vaxxer
    birth + -er → birther
    flat earth + -er → flat-earther
    truth + -er → truther
Translations Translations Suffix
  1. (added to a proper noun) Suffix denoting a resident or inhabitant of (the place denoted by the proper noun); used to form a demonym.
    New York + -er → New Yorker
    London + -er → Londoner
    Dublin + -er → Dubliner
    New England + -er → New Englander
  2. Suffix denoting residency in or around a place, district, area, or region.
    island + -er → islander
    highland + -er → highlander
    eastend + -er → eastender
    prison + -er → prisoner
Translations Suffix
  1. (obsolete, no longer productive) Suffix used to form the plural of a small number of English nouns.
    childer, calver, lamber, linder "loins"
  1. Person or thing connected with.
    bottle + -er → butler
  1. (added to certain adjectives and adverbs, now especially short ones) More; used to form the comparative.
    long + -er → longer
    big + -er → bigger
    fast + -er → faster
    simple + -er → simpler
  • French: plus (used before the adjective)
  • German: -er
  • Italian: più (used before the adjective)
  • Portuguese: mais
  • Russian: бо́лее
  • Spanish: más (used before the adjective)
  1. (added to certain adverbs) More; used to form the comparative.
  • French: plus (used before the adverb)
  • German: -er
  • Portuguese: mais
  • Spanish: más (used before the adverb)
  1. (added to a verb or imitative sound) Frequently; used to form frequentative verbs.
    twitter, clamber, bicker, mutter, wander, flutter, flicker, slither, smother, sputter
  • (used to form frequentative) -le
Translations Suffix
  1. (added to a verb) Instance of (the verbal action); used to form nouns from verbs, especially in legal terms.
    disclaim + -er → disclaimer
    remit + -er → remitter
    misname + -er → misnomer
    rebut + -er → rebutter
  1. (added to a verb or noun) Used to form diminutives.
    shive + -er → shiver
    slive + -er → sliver
    splint + -er → splinter
  1. (originally public school slang) Used to form slang or colloquial equivalents of words.
    association + -er → soccer
    football + -er → footer
    rugby + -er → rugger
    breakfast + -er → brekkers
    Radcliffe + -er → Radder
    divinity + -er → divvers
Related terms
  • -ers

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