• IPA: /ˈæ.dəm/
    • (GA) IPA: [ˈæɾm̩], [ˈæɾəm]
Proper noun
  1. (Abrahamic religions) The first man and the progenitor of the human race.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Genesis 3:20 ↗:
      And Adam called his wiues name Eue, because she was the mother of all liuing.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 7 ↗”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708 ↗; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554 ↗, lines 40–43:
      Say Goddeſs, what enſu'd when Raphael, / The affable Arch-angel, had forewarn'd / Adam by dire example to beware / Apoſtaſie,
  2. A male given name.
    • 1859, George Eliot [pseudonym; Mary Ann Evans], “The Workshop”, in Adam Bede [...] In Three Volumes, volume I, Edinburgh; London: William Blackwood and Sons, OCLC 2108290 ↗, book first, page 3 ↗:
      In his tall stalwartness Adam Bede was a Saxon, and justified his name; but the jet-black hair, made the more noticeable by its contrast with the light paper cap, and the keen glance of the dark eyes that shone from under strongly marked, proninent, and mobile eyebrows, indicated a mixture of Celtic blood.
    • 1904, Mark Twain, Extracts from Adam's Diary
      Since then I have deciphered some more of Adam’s hieroglyphics, and think he has now become sufficiently important as a public character to justify this publication.
    • 1933, Eleanor Farjeon, Over the Garden Wall, Faber and Faber 1933, page 90 ("Boys' Names")
      What splendid names for boys there are! / There's Carol like a rolling car, / And Martin like a flying bird, / And Adam like the Lord's First Word,
  3. (figuratively) Original sin or human frailty.
  4. (with second or last) Jesus Christ, whose sacrifice, in Christian theology, makes possible the forgiveness of Adam's original sin.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, 1 Corinthians 15:45 ↗:
      And so it is written: The first man Adam was made a liuing soule, the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
    • 1739, Charles Wesley, Hark! the Herald Angels Sing
      Second Adam from above,
      Reinstate us in thy love.
  5. Designating a neoclassical style of furniture and architecture in the style of Robert and James Adam.
    • 1936, HP Lovecraft, ‘The Haunter of the Dark’:
      Inside were six-panelled doors, wide floor-boards, a curving colonial staircase, white Adam-period mantels, and a rear set of rooms three steps below the general level.
    • 2001, Norman K. Risjord, Representative Americans: The Revolutionary Generation (page 164)
      McIntyre's best pieces, such as the fireplace in the Otis house, managed to convey both an opulent warmth and a restrained elegance, and compares favorably with the artistic saturnalia of an Adam fireplace.
  6. Surname
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