Romania
Pronunciation
  • IPA: /ɹoˈmeɪˌni.ə/
  • (Michigan, Canada) IPA: /ɹoˈmɪˌni.ə/
Proper noun
  1. A country in South-Eastern Europe, bordered by Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, Moldova and Ukraine.
Translations Proper noun
  1. (academic, historical, linguistics) The Latin or Romance-speaking areas of Europe, collectively.
  2. (historical) The Byzantine Empire or its former territories.
    • 1989, David Jacoby, “From Byzantium to Latin Romania: Continuity and Change” in Latins and Greeks in the Eastern Mediterranean After 1204, page 1:
      The Fourth Crusade ended in 1204 with the Western or Latin conquest of Constantinople and signalled the beginning of a new era in the history of the Byzantine lands or Romania.
    • 1999, Rustam Shukurov, “Turkoman and Byzantine Self-Identity: Some reflections on the Logic of the Title-Making in Twelfth- and Thirteenth-Century Anatolia” in Eastern Approaches to Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-Third Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies:
      If the Constantinopolitan Byzantines regarded the Anatolian Turkic territories as lands temporarily lost from their indivisible universal Rhomania, the Turkoman rulers of the twelfth century considered Rhomania as being factually divided between several rulers.
    • 2001, David Jacoby, “Changing Economic Patterns in Latin Romania: The Impact of the West” in The Crusades from the Perspective of Byzantium and the Muslim World, page 197:
      The dramatic fall of Constantinople in 1204 and the Latin conquest of the Empire’s provinces in the following decade resulted in the dismemberment of Romania.
    • 2013, Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini (Pope Pius II), trans. Robert Brown, Europe (c.1400-1458), page 69:
      Next to them, the maritime region extending south to the Hellespont is Romania—a Greek nation, though it was once barbarian, and it is returning to barbarism in our own time, now that the empire of the Greeks has been destroyed and the Turks hold sway. The capital city of this country [Thrace] is Byzantium, formerly called Agios.



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