Russia
1538, from Medieval Latin Russi.

Ultimately from gkm Ρωσσία (whence also Russian Росси́я), from an earlier (10th century) ethnonym Ῥῶς (Arabic رُوس, orv Русь), ultimately from Proto-Germanic *rōþrą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁reh₁-.

Pronunciation
  • (British, America) IPA: /ˈɹʌʃə/
Proper noun
  1. A country in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. The country extends from the Gulf of Finland to the Pacific Ocean, and was part of the USSR from 1922 to 1991. Co-official name: Russian Federation, formerly the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR). Capital and largest city: Moscow.
  2. (historical, informal) The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a very common name, although more formally Russia, the RSFSR, was one of several constituent republics of the USSR).
  3. (historical) The Russian Empire.
  4. (historical, dated) Rus, the medieval East Slavic state.
  5. (dated, countable) Any of several East Slavic states descended from the Rus, typically including Russia (Great Russia), Belarus (White Russia) and Ukraine (Little Russia or Kievan Russia).
Synonyms Translations


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