abbreviation
Pronunciation
  • (RP) IPA: /əˌbɹiː.viˈeɪ.ʃən/
  • (America) IPA: /əˌbɹi.viˈeɪ.ʃn̩/

Noun

abbreviation

  1. The result of shortening or reducing; abridgment. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  2. (linguistics) A shortened or contracted form of a word or phrase, used to represent the whole, utilizing omission of letters, and sometimes substitution of letters, or duplication of initial letters to signify plurality, including signs such as +, =, @. [Late 16th century.]
  3. The process of abbreviating. [Mid 16th century.]
  4. (music) A notation used in music score to denote a direction, as pp or mf.
  5. (music) One or more dashes through the stem of a note, dividing it respectively into quavers, semiquavers, demisemiquavers, or hemidemisemiquavers.
  6. Any convenient short form used as a substitution for an understood or inferred whole.
    • The phrase "civil rights" is an abbreviation for a whole complex of relationships.
  7. (biology) Loss during evolution of the final stages of the ancestral ontogenetic pattern.
  8. (mathematics) Reduction to lower terms, as a fraction.
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