adjuvant
Pronunciation
  • enPR: 'ăj-ə-vənt, IPA: /ˈædʒ.ə.vənt/
Adjective
  1. Helping; helpful; assisting. defdt from 16th c.
  2. (medicine) Designating a supplementary form of treatment, especially a cancer therapy administered after removal of a primary tumour. defdt from 19th c.
    • 2010, Siddhartha Mukherjee, The Emperor of all Maladies, Fourth Estate 2011, p. 219:
      Adjuvant chemotherapy, Carbone conjectured, could be the surgeon's little helper.
  3. (medicine) a substance that potentiates or modulates the immune response to an antigen
    • Gay, Frederick P.; Claypole, Edit J. (1914), “Specific Hyperleukocytosis: Studies In Typhoid Immunization”, in Archives of Internal Medicine[https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/articlepdf/653769/archinte\_xiv\_5\_004.pdf], volume XIV, issue 5, DOI:10.1001/archinte.1914.00070170055004, ISSN 0730-188X ↗, pages 662–670
      The well-known tropic action of immune serum as an adjuvant to phagocytosis suggested early in our studies that we night here be dealing with a similar phenomenon.
Synonyms Translations Noun

adjuvant (plural adjuvants)

  1. Someone who helps or facilitates; an assistant, a helper. defdt from 16th c.
  2. (medicine) Something that enhances the effectiveness of a medical treatment; a supplementary treatment. defdt from 18th c.
  3. (pharmacology) An additive (as in a drug) that aids or modifies the action of the principal ingredient. defdt from 19th c.
  4. (pesticide science) An additive (often a separate product) that enhances the efficacy of pesticide products, but has little or no pesticidal activity itself. defdt from mid 20th c.
  5. (immunology) A substance enhancing the immune response to an antigen. defdt from 20th c.
Synonyms Related terms


This text is extracted from the Wiktionary and it is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license | Terms and conditions | Privacy policy 0.023
Offline English dictionary