- (British) IPA: /ˈæl.keɪn/
alkane (plural alkanes)
- (organic compound) Any acyclic saturated hydrocarbon (e.g., methane, ethane, etc.).
- The carbon chain of an alkane may be linear or branched, but must not contain loops (cycles); its chemical formula is of the form CnH2n+2.
- 1997, T. J. Savage, M. K. Hristova, R. Croteau, Biochemistry of Short-Chain Alkanes: Evidence for an Elongation/Reduction/C1-Elimination Pathway, John Peter Williams, Mobashsher Uddin Khan, Nora Wan Lem (editors), Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plant Lipids, Kluwer Academic Publishers, page 51 ↗,
- Whereas production levels of short-chain alkanes in plants are insufficient to provide an economically viable fuel source, the genes encoding the alkane biosynthetic pathway may provide a biotechnological resource for engineering fermentation organisms with the capacity to convert biomass to an alkane-based fuel.
- 2007, Alasdair H. Neilson, Ann-Sofie Allard, Environmental Degradation and Transformation of Organic Chemicals, Taylor & Francis (CRC Press), page 103 ↗,
- The oxidation of the simplest alkane methanol is carried out by methylotrophs that may be obligate or facultative.
- 2012, Chulsung Bae, Chapter 3: Catalytic Carbon-Boron Bond Formation via Activation of Alkane C-H Bonds, Pedro J. Pérez, Alkane C-H Activation by Single-Site Metal Catalysis, Springer, page 73 ↗,
- Alkanes are extremely unreactive toward nucleophiles and electrophiles because they are composed of nonpolar, strong, saturated C–H and C-C bonds.
- (acyclic saturated hydrocarbon) paraffin