anticipation
Pronunciation
  • (America) IPA: /æn.tɪs.əˈpe.ʃən/
Noun

anticipation

  1. The act of anticipating, taking up, placing, or considering something beforehand, or before the proper time in natural order.
    Often the anticipation of a shot is worse than the pain of the stick.
    • c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act II, scene ii]:
      So shall my anticipation prevent your discovery, and your secrecy to the king and queen moult no feather.
  2. The eagerness associated with waiting for something to occur.
    He waited with great anticipation for Christmas to arrive.
    • The happy anticipation of renewed existence in company with the spirits of the just.
  3. (finance) Prepayment of a debt, generally in order to pay less interest.
  4. (rhetoric) Prolepsis.
  5. (music) A non-harmonic tone that is lower or higher than a note in the previous chord and a unison to a note in the next chord.
  6. (obsolete) Hasty notion; intuitive preconception.
    • a. 1705, John Locke, “Of the Conduct of the Understanding”, in Posthumous Works of Mr. John Locke: […], London: […] A[wnsham] and J[ohn] Churchill, […], published 1706, OCLC 6963663 ↗, § 25, page 81 ↗:
      [M]any Men give themſelves up to the firſt anticipations of their minds, and are very tenacious of the Opinions that firſt poſſeſs them; [...]
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