• (RP, strictly) IPA: /əˈpɑːtheɪt/, /əˈpɑːthaɪt/
  • (America, strictly) enPR: ə-pärtʹhīt, IPA: /əˈpɑɹthaɪt/
  • (America, alternatively) enPR: ə-pärtʹhāt, IPA: /əˈpɑɹtheɪt/
  • (America, laxly) enPR: ə-pärʹtīd, IPA: /əˈpɑɹ.taɪd/


  1. (South Africa, historical) The policy of racial separation used by South Africa from 1948 to 1990.
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, pages 127-8:
      The premise of apartheid was that whites were superior to Africans, Coloureds and Indians, and the function of it was to entrench white supremacy forever.
  2. (by extension) Any similar policy of racial separation/segregation and discrimination.
    • 1963, Justice William O. Douglas, concurring, Lombard v. Louisiana (373 U.S. 267):
      When the doors of a business are open to the public, they must be open to all regardless of race if apartheid is not to become engrained in our public […] .
  3. (by extension) A policy or situation of segregation based on some specified attribute.

apartheid (apartheids, present participle apartheiding; past and past participle apartheided)

  1. To impose a policy of segregation of groups of people, especially one based on race.
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