- (British) IPA: /əˈsjuːm/
- (America, Canada) (yod dropping) IPA: /əˈsuːm/
- (yod coalescence) IPA: /əˈʃuːm/
- (Nigeria) IPA: /əˈzuːm/
assume (assumes, present participle assuming; past and past participle assumed)
- To authenticate by means of belief; to surmise; to suppose to be true, especially without proof
- We assume that, as her parents were dentists, she knows quite a bit about dentistry.
- To take on a position, duty or form
- Mr. Jones will assume the position of a lifeguard until a proper replacement is found.
- 1715, Homer; [Alexander] Pope, transl., “Book I”, in The Iliad of Homer, volume I, London: Printed by W[illiam] Bowyer, for Bernard Lintott between the Temple-Gates, OCLC 670734254 ↗:
- Trembling they stand while Jove assumes the throne.
- 1892, Walter Besant, “Prologue: Who is Edmund Gray?”, in The Ivory Gate: A Novel, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, […], OCLC 16832619 ↗:
- Such a scandal as the prosecution of a brother for forgery—with a verdict of guilty—is a most truly horrible, deplorable, fatal thing. It takes the respectability out of a family perhaps at a critical moment, when the family is just assuming the robes of respectability: […] it is a black spot which all the soaps ever advertised could never wash off.
- To adopt a feigned quality or manner; to claim without right; to arrogate
- c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act III, scene iv]:
- Assume a virtue, if you have it not.
- ambition assuming the mask of religion.
- To receive, adopt (a person)
- 1820, Walter Scott, Ivanhoe; a Romance. [...] In Three Volumes, volume (
please specify ), Edinburgh: Printed for Archibald Constable and Co.; London: Hurst, Robinson, and Co. […], OCLC 230694662 ↗:
- To adopt (an idea or cause)
- See also Thesaurus:suppose
- French: supposer, présupposer, présumer
- German: annehmen, voraussetzen, vermuten, unterstellen
- Italian: presupporre, ritenere
- Portuguese: supor, pressupor, presumir
- Russian: предполага́ть
- Spanish: suponer, dar por sentado
- French: assumer
- German: annehmen, aufnehmen, einnehmen
- Italian: assumere
- Portuguese: assumir
- Russian: занима́ть
- Spanish: asumir