beam (plural beams)
- Any large piece of timber or iron long in proportion to its thickness, and prepared for use.
- One of the principal horizontal timbers of a building; one of the transverse members of a ship's frame on which the decks are laid — supported at the sides by knees in wooden ships and by stringers in steel ones.
- (nautical) The maximum width of a vessel.
- This ship has more beam than that one.
- The crossbar of a mechanical balance, from the ends of which the scales are suspended.
- 1717, Alexander Pope, “The Rape of the Lock”, in The Works of Mr. Alexander Pope, volume I, London: Printed by W[illiam] Bowyer, for Bernard Lintot, […], OCLC 43265629 ↗, canto V:
- The doubtful beam long nods from side to side.
- The principal stem of the antler of a deer.
- (literary) The pole of a carriage or chariot.
(textiles) A cylinder of wood, making part of a loom, on which weavers wind the warp before weaving and the cylinder on which the cloth is rolled, as it is woven.
- The straight part or shank of an anchor.
- The central bar of a plow, to which the handles and colter are secured, and to the end of which are attached the oxen or horses that draw it.
- In steam engines, a heavy iron lever having an oscillating motion on a central axis, one end of which is connected with the piston rod from which it receives motion, and the other with the crank of the wheel shaft.
- A ray or collection of approximately parallel rays emitted from the sun or other luminous body.
- a beam of light
- a beam of energy
- c. 1596–1598, William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act V, scene i]:
- How far that little candle throws his beams!
- (figuratively) A ray; a gleam.
- a beam of hope, or of comfort
- Mercy with her genial beam.
- One of the long feathers in the wing of a hawk.
- (music) A horizontal bar which connects the stems of two or more notes to group them and to indicate metric value.
- (railway) An elevated rectangular dirt pile used to cheaply build an elevated portion of a railway.
- (nautical) breadth
- (heavy iron lever) working beam, walking beam
- (hawk's feather) beam feather
- see also Thesaurus:stick
- French: madrier
- German: Balken
- Italian: trave, asse
- Portuguese: trave, viga
- Russian: ба́лка
- Spanish: viga
- Italian: traversa
- Russian: бимс
- Italian: braccio
- Russian: коромы́сло
- Italian: corno principale
- Russian: наво́й
- Russian: веретено́
- Russian: шату́н
beam (beams, present participle beaming; past and past participle beamed)
- (ambitransitive) To emit beams of light; shine; radiate.
- to beam forth light
- (intransitive, figuratively) To smile broadly or especially cheerfully.
- (transitive) To furnish or supply with beams
- (transitive) To give the appearance of beams to.
- (transitive, science fiction) To transmit matter or information via a high-tech wireless mechanism.
- Beam me up, Scotty; there's no intelligent life down here.
- The injured crewmembers were immediately beamed to sickbay.
- (transitive, currying) To stretch something (for example an animal hide) on a beam.
- (transitive, weaving) To put (something) on a beam
- (transitive, music) To connect (musical notes) with a beam, or thick line, in music notation.
- German: strahlen
- German: strahlen
- German: beamen