by heart
  • (RP) IPA: /baɪ ˈhɑːt/
  • (America) IPA: /baɪ ˈhɑɹt/
Prepositional phrase
  1. (idiomatic) From unaided memory and in full detail.
    He used to live in that town, and he still knows all the streets by heart.
    • 1945 August 17, George Orwell [pseudonym; Eric Arthur Blair], chapter 3, in Animal Farm: A Fairy Story, London: Secker & Warburg, OCLC 3655473 ↗:
      None of the other animals on the farm could get further than the letter A. It was also found that the stupider animals, such as the sheep, hens, and ducks, were unable to learn the Seven Commandments by heart.
  • French: par cœur
  • German: auswendig
  • Italian: a memoria
  • Portuguese: de cor, de memória, na ponta da língua
  • Russian: наизу́сть
  • Spanish: de memoria

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