calabash (plural calabashes)
- A tree (known as the calabash tree; Crescentia cujete) native#Adjective|native to Central and South America, the West Indies, and southern Florida, bear#Verb|bearing large, round#Adjective|round fruit#Noun|fruit used to make containers (sense 3); the fruit of this tree.
- The bottle gourd (calabash vine, Lagenaria siceraria), believed to have originated in Africa, which is grown for its fruit that are used as a vegetable and to make containers (sense 3); the fruit of this plant.
- Synonyms: dudhi, lauki
- A container made from the mature#Adjective|mature, dried#Adjective|dried shell#Noun|shell of the fruit of one of the above plants; also, a similarly shaped#Adjective|shaped container made from some other material#Noun|material.
- 1851 November 13, Herman Melville, “Wheelbarrow” and “The Prophet”, in Moby-Dick; or, The Whale, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers; London: Richard Bentley, OCLC 57395299 ↗, pages 65 and 105 ↗:
- [page 65 ↗] The people of his island of Rokovoko, it seems, at their wedding feasts express the fragrant water of young cocoanuts into a large stained calabash like a punchbowl; and this punchbowl always forms the great central ornament on the braided mat where the feast is held. [...] [page 105 ↗] [I]t seemed to me that he was dogging us, but with what intent I could not for the life of me imagine. This circumstance, coupled with his ambiguous, half-hinting, half-revealing, shrouded sort of talk, now begat in me all kinds of vague wonderments and half-apprehensions, and all connected with the Pequod; and Captain Ahab; and the leg he had lost; and the Cape Horn fit; and the silver calabash; [...]
- A calabash and its contents; as much as fill#Verb|fills such a container.
- (musical instrument) A musical instrument, most commonly a drum#Noun|drum or rattle#Noun|rattle, made from a calabash fruit.
- French: calebasse
- German: Flaschenkürbis
- Portuguese: cabaça, cabaceiro, cuieira, porongo
- Russian: горля́нка
- Spanish: calabaza, jícara (Central America), zapallo (South America)
- French: calebasse
- Italian: calabassa
- Portuguese: cuia
- Russian: калаба́ш
- Spanish: guacal (Central America), jícara (Central America), tecomate (Central America)