chafe
Pronunciation
  • (America) IPA: /tʃeɪf/
Noun

chafe (uncountable)

  1. Heat excited by friction.
  2. Injury or wear caused by friction.
  3. Vexation; irritation of mind; rage.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, VI.5:
      Like a wylde Bull, that, being at a bay, / Is bayted of a mastiffe and a hound / […] That in his chauffe he digs the trampled ground / And threats his horns […]
  4. (archaic) An expression of opinionated conflict.
    Synonyms: Thesaurus:argument
    • 1830, Joseph Plumb Martin, The Adventures Of A Revolutionary Soldier
      When we returned we found the poor prisoner in a terrible chafe with the sentinel for detaining him, for the guard had been true to his trust.
Translations
  • French: chauffer en frictionnant
  • German: Reibungswärme
  • Italian: surriscaldamento
  • Spanish: sobrecalentamiento
Translations Translations Verb

chafe (chafes, present participle chafing; past and past participle chafed)

  1. (transitive) To excite heat in by friction; to rub in order to stimulate and make warm.
  2. (transitive) To excite passion or anger in; to fret; to irritate.
  3. (transitive) To fret and wear by rubbing.
    to chafe a cable
  4. (intransitive) To rub; to come together so as to wear by rubbing; to wear by friction.
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Ivlivs Cæsar”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act I, scene ii]:
      the troubled Tiber chafing with her shores
    • made its great boughs chafe together
  5. (intransitive) To be worn by rubbing.
    A cable chafes.
  6. (intransitive) To have a feeling of vexation; to be vexed; to fret; to be irritated.
    • c. 1597, William Shakespeare, “The Merry VViues of VVindsor”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act V, scene iii]:
      He will chafe at the doctor's marrying my daughter.
    • 1996, Jim Schiller, Developing Jepara in New Order Indonesia, page 58:
      Many local politicians chafed under the restrictions of Guided Democracy […]
Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations


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