chromosome
19th century: from German Chromosom, ultimately from Old Greek χρῶμα + σῶμα ("body") (because they are stained under the microscope). Pronunciation
  • (British) IPA: /ˈkɹəʊ.məˌsəʊm/
  • (America) IPA: /ˈkɹoʊməˌsoʊm/, /ˈkɹoʊməˌzoʊm/
Noun

chromosome (plural chromosomes)

  1. (cytology, genetics) A linear arrangement of condensed DNA and associated proteins (such as chaperone proteins) which contains the genetic material (genome) of an organism.
    Chromosomes store genetic information.
Related terms

Translations


This text is extracted from the Wiktionary and it is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license | Terms and conditions | Privacy policy 0.005
Offline English dictionary