• (RP, New Zealand) IPA: /ˈsɜːkəmst(ə)ns/, /-ɑːns/, /-æns/
  • (GA) IPA: /ˈsɝ.kəm.ˌstæns/


  1. That which attends, or relates to, or in some way affects, a fact or event; an attendant thing or state of things.
    • 1819, Washington Irving, The Broken Heart
      The circumstances are well known in the country where they happened.
  2. An event; a fact; a particular incident.
    • 1834, David Crockett, A Narrative of the Life of, Nebraska 1987, p. 20:
      Then another circumstance happened, which made a lasting impression on my memory, though I was but a small child.
  3. Circumlocution; detail.
    • c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act I, scene v]:
      So without more circumstance at all
      I hold it fit that we shake hands and part.
  4. Condition in regard to worldly estate; state of property; situation; surroundings.
    • May 14 1716, Joseph Addison, The Freeloader No. 42
      When men are easy in their circumstances, they are naturally enemies to innovations.
Translations Translations Translations Translations
  • Portuguese: circunstância
  • Russian: материа́льное положе́ние

circumstance (circumstances, present participle circumstancing; past and past participle circumstanced)

  1. To place in a particular situation, especially with regard to money or other resources.

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