closed

Pronunciation Adjective

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Pronunciation Adjective

**closed** (*not comparable*)

- Sealed, made inaccessible or impassable; not open.
- (
*of a store or business*) Not operating or conducting trade. - Not public.
*closed source a***closed**committee

- (
*topology, of a set*) Having an open complement. - (
*mathematics, of a set*) Such that its image under the specified operation is contained in it.*The set of integers is***closed**under addition: \forall x,y\in\mathbb{Z}\,x+y\in\mathbb{Z}.

- (
*mathematics, logic, of a formula*) Lacking a free variable. - (
*graph theory, of a walk*) Whose first and last vertices are the same, forming a closed loop. - (
*phonology*) Formed by closing the mouth and nose passages completely, like the consonants /t/, /d/and /p/. - (
*phonology*) Having the sound cut off sharply by a following consonant, like the /ɪ/ in*pin*.

- (
*also phonetics (of vowels, syllables)*) open

- French: fermé
- German: geschlossen
- Italian: chiuso
- Portuguese: fechado
- Russian: закры́тый
- Spanish: cerrado

- French: privé, fermé
- German: nicht öffentlich (
*of people or software*); geschlossen (*used with groups of people only*) - Portuguese: fechado
- Russian: закры́тый

- Russian: за́мкнутый

- Russian: за́мкнутый

*Simple past tense and past participle of*close

This text is extracted from the Wiktionary and it is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license | Terms and conditions | Privacy policy 0.003