deem
Pronunciation Verb

deem (deems, present participle deeming; past and past participle deemed)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To judge#Verb|judge, to pass#Verb|pass judgment on; to doom#Verb|doom, to sentence#Verb|sentence.
    Synonyms: judge
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To adjudge, to decree#Verb|decree.
    Synonyms: judge
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To dispense (justice); to administer (law).
    Synonyms: judge
  4. (ditransitive) To hold#Verb|hold in belief or estimation; to adjudge as a conclusion; to regard#Verb|regard as being; to evaluate according#Adverb|according to one's beliefs; to account#Verb|account.
    Synonyms: consider, Thesaurus:deem
    She deemed his efforts insufficient.
  5. (ambitransitive) To think, judge, or have or hold as an opinion; to decide or believe on consideration; to suppose.
    • 1593, Gabriel Harvey, Pierces Supererogation: Or A New Prayse of the Old Asse, London: Imprinted by Iohn Wolfe, OCLC 165778203 ↗; republished as John Payne Collier, editor, Pierces Supererogation: Or A New Prayse of the Old Asse. A Preparative to Certaine Larger Discourses, Intituled Nashes S. Fame (Miscellaneous Tracts. Temp. Eliz. & Jac. I; no. 8), [London: [s.n.], 1870], OCLC 23963073 ↗, page 41 ↗:
      It may ſeeme a rude diſpoſition that ſorteth not with the quality of the age; and pollicy deemeth that vertue a vice, that modeſty, ſimplicity, that reſolotenes, diſſolutenes, that conformeth not it ſelfe with a ſupple and deft correſpondence to the preſent time.
    • 1678, John Bunyan, The Pilgrim’s Progress from This World, to That which is to Come: […], London: Printed for Nath[aniel] Ponder […], OCLC 228725984 ↗; reprinted in The Pilgrim’s Progress (The Noel Douglas Replicas), London: Noel Douglas, […], 1928, OCLC 5190338 ↗, pages 139–140 ↗:
      So Chriſtian came up with him again, and ſaid, Sir, you talk as if you knew ſomething more than all the World doth; and if I take not my mark amiſs, I deem I have half a gueſs of you: Is not your name Mr. By-ends of Fair-ſpeech?
Conjugation