despair (despairs, present participle despairing; past and past participle despaired)
- (transitive, obsolete) To give up as beyond hope or expectation; to despair of.
- 1644, John Milton, Areopagitica; a Speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Vnlicenc’d Printing, to the Parlament of England, London: [s.n.], OCLC 879551664 ↗:
- I would not despair the greatest design that could be attempted.
- (transitive, obsolete) To cause to despair.
- (intransitive, often with “of”) To be hopeless; to have no hope; to give up all hope or expectation.
- French: désespérer
- German: verzweifeln, die Hoffnung aufgeben
- Portuguese: desesperar
- Spanish: desesperanzar (pronominal), desesperar (intransitive)
- Loss of hope; utter hopelessness; complete despondency.
- He turned around in despair, aware that he was not going to survive
- That which causes despair.
- That which is despaired of.
- French: désespoir
- German: Verzweiflung
- Italian: disperazione
- Portuguese: desespero
- Russian: отча́яние
- Spanish: desesperación, desesperanza, desespero