- IPA: /duːm/
- Destiny, especially terrible.
- a. 1701, John Dryden, “The First Book of Homer's Ilias”, in The Miscellaneous Works of John Dryden, […], volume IV, London: Printed for J[acob] and R[ichard] Tonson, […], published 1760, OCLC 863244003 ↗, page 415 ↗:
- This, for the night; by day, the web and loom, / And homely houſhold-taſk, ſhall be her doom,
- An undesirable fate; an impending severe occurrence or danger that seems inevitable.
- A feeling of danger, impending danger, darkness or despair.
- (countable, obsolete) A law.
- (countable, obsolete) A judgment or decision.
- (countable, obsolete) A sentence or penalty for illegal behaviour.
- The first dooms of London provide especially the recovery of cattle belonging to the citizens.
- 1885, W[illiam] S[chwenck] Gilbert; Arthur Sullivan, composer, “A More Humane Mikado”, in […] The Mikado; or, The Town of Titipu, London: Chappel & Co., […], OCLC 25083293 ↗, Act II, page 36 ↗:
- The billiard sharp whom anyone catches / His doom’s extremely hard— / He’s made to dwell— / In a dungeon cell / On a spot that’s always barred.
- They met an untimely doom when the mineshaft caved in.
- (sometimes capitalized) The Last Judgment; or, an artistic representation thereof.
- (undesirable fate) fortune
- Italian: sentenza
- Russian: Стра́шный суд
- German: drohendes Unheil
- Italian: presagio
- Russian: предчу́вствие
doom (dooms, present participle dooming; past and past participle doomed)
- To pronounce sentence or judgment on; to condemn.
- a criminal doomed to death
- Absolves the just, and dooms the guilty souls.
- To destine; to fix irrevocably the ill fate of.
- 1911, Thomas Babington Macaulay, “[https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Goldsmith,_Oliver Goldsmith, Oliver]”, in 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica:
- A man of genius […] doomed to struggle with difficulties.
- (obsolete) To judge; to estimate or determine as a judge.
- (obsolete) To ordain as a penalty; hence, to mulct or fine.
- c. 1593, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Richard the Third: […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act II, scene i]:
- Have I tongue to doom my brother's death?
- (archaic, US, New England) To assess a tax upon, by estimate or at discretion.
- (video games) A popular first-person shooter video game, often regarded as the progenitor of the genre.