duodenum
Pronunciation
  • (RP) IPA: /ˌdjuːə(ʊ)ˈdiːnəm/
  • (GA) IPA: /ˌduəˈdinəm/, /ˌduˈɑdənəm/
Noun

duodenum (plural duodena)

  1. (anatomy) The first part of the small intestine, starting at the lower end of the stomach and extending to the jejunum.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], “Dißimilar Parts”, in The Anatomy of Melancholy: […], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970 ↗, partition 1, section 1, member 2, subsection 4, page 17 ↗:
      From the Stomacke to the very Fundament, are produced the Guts or Inteſtina, which ſerue a little to alter and diſtribute the Chilus, and convey away the excrements. They are divided into ſmall and great, by reason of their ſite and ſubſtance, ſlender or thicker. The ſlender is Duodenum or whole gut, which is next to the ſtomacke, ſome twelue inches long (ſaith Fuſchius.)
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