engross
Pronunciation
  • (British) IPA: /ɪnˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɪŋˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɛnˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɛŋˈɡɹəʊs/
  • (America) IPA: /ɪnˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɪŋˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɛnˈɡɹoʊs/, /ɛŋˈɡɹoʊs/
Verb

engross (engrosses, present participle engrossing; past and past participle engrossed)

  1. (transitive, now legal) To write (a document) in large, aesthetic, and legible lettering; to make a finalized copy of.
    • some period long past, when clerks engrossed their stiff and formal chirography on more substantial materials
    • laws that may be engrossed upon a finger nail
  2. (transitive, business, obsolete) To buy up wholesale, especially to buy the whole supply of (a commodity etc.).
  3. (transitive) To monopolize; to concentrate (something) in the single possession of someone, especially unfairly.
  4. (transitive) To completely engage the attention of.
    She seems to be completely engrossed in that book.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To thicken; to condense.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.4:
      As, when a foggy mist hath overcast / The face of heven, and the cleare ayre engroste, / The world in darkenes dwels […]
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To make gross, thick, or large; to thicken; to increase in bulk or quantity.
    • waves […] engrossed with mud
    • c. 1593, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Richard the Third: […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act III, scene vii]:
      not sleeping, to engross his idle body
  7. (obsolete) To amass.
    • c. 1597, William Shakespeare, “The First Part of Henry the Fourth, […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act III, scene ii]:
      to engross up glorious deeds on my behalf
Synonyms Related terms Translations
  • Russian: писать
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