estate
Pronunciation
  • IPA: /ɪsˈteɪt/

Noun

estate (plural estates)

  1. The collective property and liabilities of someone, especially a deceased person. [from 19thc.]
  2. (now rare, archaic) state; condition. [from 13thc.]
    • c. 1601–1602, William Shakespeare, “Twelfe Night, or VVhat You VVill”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act V, (please specify the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals)]:
      But when I came to man's estate,. With hey, ho, the wind and the rain,. 'Gainst knaves and thieves men shut their gate.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Romans 12:16 ↗:
      Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate.
  3. (archaic) Status, rank. [from 13thc.]
    • God hath imprinted his authority in several parts, upon several estates of men.
  4. (archaic) The condition of one's fortunes; prosperity, possessions. [from 14thc.]
  5. (obsolete) A "person of estate"; a nobleman or noblewoman. [14th-17thc.]
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, [http://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/cme/MaloryWks2/1:18.11?rgn=div2;view=fulltext chapter xj], in Le Morte Darthur, book XVI:
      And anone came oute of a chamber to hym the fayrest lady that euer he sawe & more rycher bysene than euer he sawe Quene Gueneuer or ony other estat Lo sayd they syre Bors here is the lady vnto whome we owe alle oure seruyse / and I trowe she be the rychest lady and the fayrest of alle the world
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Mark 6:21 ↗:
      Herod on his birthday made a supper to his lords, high captains, and chief estates of Galilee.
    • She's a duchess, a great estate.
  6. (historical) A major social class or order of persons regarded collectively as part of the body politic of the country and formerly possessing distinct political rights (Estates of the realm). [from 14thc.]
    • 1992, Hilary Mantel, A Place of Greater Safety, Harper Perennial 2007, p.115:
      I am afraid that some of the nobles who are campaigning for it simply want to use the Estates to cut down the King's power and increase their own.
    • 2011, Norman Davies, Vanished Kingdoms, Penguin 2012, p.202:
      The three estates of feudal lords, clergy and royal officers met in separate chambers, and exercised an advisory role.
  7. (legal) The nature and extent of a person's interest in, or ownership of, land. [from 15thc.]
  8. An (especially extensive) area of land, under a single ownership. [from 18thc.]
  9. The landed property owned or controlled by a government or a department of government.
  10. (UK, sometimes pejorative) A housing estate. [from 20thc.]
  11. (UK, automotive) A station wagon; a car with a tailgate (or liftgate) and storage space to the rear of the seating which is coterminous with the passenger compartment (and often extensible into that compartment via folding or removable seating). [from 20thc.]
  12. (obsolete) The state; the general body politic; the common-wealth; the general interest; state affairs.
    • 1612, Francis Bacon, Of Judicature
      I call matter of estate not only the parts of sovereignty, but whatsoever […] concerneth manifestly any great portion of people.
Synonyms Translations Translations Translations Translations
Adjective

estate (not comparable)

  1. (jewelry, euphemism) Previously owned; secondhand.
    an estate diamond; estate jewelry

Verb

estate (estates, present participle estating; past and past participle estated)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To give an estate to.
  2. (obsolete, transitive) To bestow upon.



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