• IPA: /əkˈsɛs/, /ɛkˈsɛs/, /ɪk.ˈsɛs/, /ˈɛksɛs/


  1. The state of surpassing or going beyond limits; the being of a measure beyond sufficiency, necessity, or duty; that which exceeds what is usual or proper
    The excess of heavy water was given away to the neighbouring country.
    • circa 1597 William Shakespeare, King John, act 4, scene 2:
      To gild refined gold, to paint the lily,
      To throw a perfume on the violet, . . .
      Is wasteful and ridiculous excess.
    • circa 1690 William Walsh, "Jealosy", in The Poetical Works of William Walsh (1797), page 19 (Google preview) ↗:
      That kills me with excess of grief, this with excess of joy.
  2. The degree or amount by which one thing or number exceeds another; remainder.
    The difference between two numbers is the excess of one over the other.
  3. An undue indulgence of the appetite; transgression of proper moderation in natural gratifications; intemperance; dissipation.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Ephesians 5:18 ↗:
      And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book III:
      Fair Angel, thy desire . . .
      . . . leads to no excess
      That reaches blame
  4. (geometry) Spherical excess, the amount by which the sum of the three angles of a spherical triangle exceeds two right angles. The spherical excess is proportional to the area of the triangle.
  5. (British, insurance) A condition on an insurance policy by which the insured pays for a part of the claim.
  • (state of surpassing limits) seeSynonyms en
  • (US) deductible
Antonyms Related terms Translations Translations Translations
  • Portuguese: excesso
  • Russian: невозде́ржанность
  • Russian: эксце́сс
Translations Adjective

excess (not comparable)

  1. More than is normal, necessary or specified.

excess (excesses, present participle excessing; past and past participle excessed)

  1. (US, transitive) To declare (an employee) surplus to requirements, such that he or she might not be given work.

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