- IPA: /əkˈsɛs/, /ɛkˈsɛs/, /ɪk.ˈsɛs/, /ˈɛksɛs/
- The state of surpassing or going beyond limits; the being of a measure beyond sufficiency, necessity, or duty; that which exceeds what is usual or proper
- The excess of heavy water was given away to the neighbouring country.
- circa 1597 William Shakespeare, King John, act 4, scene 2:
- To gild refined gold, to paint the lily,
- To throw a perfume on the violet, . . .
- Is wasteful and ridiculous excess.
- circa 1690 William Walsh, "Jealosy", in The Poetical Works of William Walsh (1797), page 19 (Google preview) ↗:
- That kills me with excess of grief, this with excess of joy.
- The degree or amount by which one thing or number exceeds another; remainder.
- The difference between two numbers is the excess of one over the other.
- An undue indulgence of the appetite; transgression of proper moderation in natural gratifications; intemperance; dissipation.
- (geometry) Spherical excess, the amount by which the sum of the three angles of a spherical triangle exceeds two right angles. The spherical excess is proportional to the area of the triangle.
- (British, insurance) A condition on an insurance policy by which the insured pays for a part of the claim.
- (state of surpassing limits) seeSynonyms en
- (US) deductible
- Portuguese: excesso
- Russian: невозде́ржанность
- Russian: эксце́сс
- French: franchise
- German: Eigenbeteiligung, Selbstbeteiligung, Zuzahlung, Kostenbeteiligung, Franchise
- Russian: франши́за
- Spanish: deducible, franquicia
excess (not comparable)Verb
excess (excesses, present participle excessing; past and past participle excessed)
- (US, transitive) To declare (an employee) surplus to requirements, such that he or she might not be given work.