- Known to one, or generally known; commonplace.
- there’s a familiar face; that tune sounds familiar
- I'm quite familiar with this system; she's not familiar with manual gears
- Intimate or friendly.
- we are not on familiar terms; our neighbour is not familiar
- c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act I, scene iii]:
- Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar.
- Inappropriately intimate or friendly.
- Don’t be familiar with me, boy!
- Of or pertaining to a family; familial.
- familiar feuds
- (acquainted) acquainted
- (intimate, friendly) close, friendly, intimate, personal
- (inappropriately intimate or friendly) cheeky, fresh, impudent
- (known to one) unfamiliar, unknown
- (acquainted) unacquainted
- (intimate) cold, cool, distant, impersonal, standoffish, unfriendly
- French: familier
- German: bekannt
- Italian: familiare
- Portuguese: familiar
- Russian: знако́мый
- Spanish: familiar
- Portuguese: conhecido
- Russian: знако́мый
- Russian: фамилья́рный
familiar (plural familiars)
- An attendant spirit, often in animal or demon form.
- The witch’s familiar was a black cat.
- (obsolete) A member of one's family or household.
- A member of a pope's or bishop's household.
- (obsolete) A close friend.
- 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: […], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970 ↗:, II.i.4.2:
- [A] friend of mine, that finding a receipt in Brassavola, would needs take hellebore in substance, and try it on his own person; but had not some of his familiars come to visit him by chance, he had by his indiscretion hazarded himself; many such I have observed.
- (historical) The officer of the Inquisition who arrested suspected people.
- French: esprit familier, familier
- Italian: spirito famigliare, famiglio
- Portuguese: espírito familiar, familiar
- Russian: фамилья́р
- Spanish: espíritu familiar, familiar