• (British) IPA: /ˈfɪs.tjə.lə/, /ˈfɪs.tʃʊ.lə/
  • (GA) IPA: /ˈfɪs.tjə.lə/, /ˈfɪs.tʃu.lə/


  1. (medicine) An abnormal connection or passageway between organs or vessels that normally do not connect.
    • 1903, William Rice Pryor, Gynæcology, page 113
      Small fistulæ are to be closed bilaterally in an antero-posterior line […]
    • 1917, Louis Adolph Merillat, Fistula of the Withers and Poll-Evil, page 5
      There are several reasons why a manual on this disease should be a part of the veterinary literature of the day, the chief one being that fistula of the withers is a very prevalent disease of horses and thus exacts a big toll from the horse industry.
    • 1998, Scott Fisher, Enterocutaneous Fistulas, in Theodore J. Saclarides, Keith W. Millikan (editors), Common Surgical Diseases: An Algorithmic Approach to Problem Solving, page 164 ↗,
      Fistulas are abnormal communications between two epithelialized surfaces. The causes of enterocutaneous fistulas can be remembered using the mnemonic FRIEND: Foreign body, Radiation, Inflammation/Infection/Inflammatory bowel disease, Epithelialization, Neoplasm, and Distal obstruction. Fifteen to twenty-five percent of enterocutaneous fistulas arise spontaneously as in, for example, Crohn's disease or cancer.
    • 2008, Sylvia Escott-Stump, Nutrition and Diagnosis-related Care, page 405
      An intestinal fistula is an unwanted pathway from intestines to other organs (e.g., the bladder).
  2. (rare) A tube, a pipe, or a hole.
  3. (Christianity, historical) The tube through which the wine of the Eucharist was once sucked from the chalice.
    Synonyms: calamus
Synonyms Translations Translations
  • Spanish: fístula

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