further
Pronunciation
  • enPR: fûr′thər IPA: /fɜː(ɹ)ðə(ɹ)/

Verb

further (furthers, present participle furthering; past and past participle furthered)

  1. (transitive) To help forward; to assist.
    • 1885, Richard F. Burton, The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, Night 558:
      Upon this he brought me a cotton bag and giving it to me, said, "Take this bag and fill it with pebbles from the beach and go forth with a company of the townsfolk to whom I will give a charge respecting thee. Do as they do and belike thou shalt gain what may further thy return voyage to thy native land."
  2. (transitive) To encourage growth; to support progress or growth of something; to promote.
    Further the economy.
    to further the peace process
Translations Translations
Adjective

further (not comparable)

  1. (comparative form of far) More distant; relatively distant.
    See those two lampposts? Run to the further one.
    He was standing at the further end of the corridor.
  2. More, additional.
    I have one further comment to make.
Translations
Adverb

further (not comparable)

  1. (comparative form of far) To, at or over a greater distance in space, time or other extent.
    I can run further than you.
    I live a little further out of town.
  2. (comparative form of far) To a greater extent or degree.
    Of the two civilisations, this one was further advanced.
  3. Beyond what is already stated or is already the case.
    Chapter 10 further explains the ideas introduced in Chapter 9.
    Don't confuse things further.
    Further, affiant sayeth naught. (A formal statement ending a deposition or affidavit, immediately preceding the affiant's signature.)
  4. (conjunctive) Also; in addition; furthermore; moreover.
    It is overlong, and further, it makes no sense.
    • 1924, Aristotle, W. D. Ross (translator), Metaphysics, Book 1, Part 6,
      Further, besides sensible things and Forms he says there are the objects of mathematics, which occupy an intermediate position, […] .
  5. (in the phrase 'further to') Following on (from).
    Further to our recent telephone call, I am writing to clarify certain points raised.
    This example is further to the one on page 17.
Translations Translations


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