gilder (plural gilders)
- One who gilds; especially one whose occupation is to overlay#Verb|overlay things with gold.
- 1609 December (first performance), Benjamin Jonson [i.e., Ben Jonson], “Epicoene, or The Silent Woman. […]”, in The Workes of Ben Jonson (First Folio), London: By Will[iam] Stansby, published 1616, OCLC 960101342 ↗, Act I, scene i, page 532 ↗:
- A lady ſhould, indeed, ſtudie her face, when wee thinke ſhee ſleepes: nor, when the dores are ſhut, ſhould men bee inquiring, all is ſacred within, then. [...] you ſee guilders will not worke, but inclos'd. They muſt not diſcouer, how little ſerues, with the helpe of art, to adorne a great deale.
- 1735, [John Barrow], “COUCH ↗”, in Dictionarium Polygraphicum: Or, The Whole Body of Arts Regularly Digested. [...], volume II (I–S), London: Printed for C[harles] Hitch and C[harles] Davis […], and S[amuel] Austen […], OCLC 987025732 ↗:
- The leather gilders lay a Couch of water and whites of eggs on the leather, before they apply the leaf gold or ſilver.
- 1887, Karl Marx, “Division of Labour and Manufacture”, in Samuel Moore and Edward Aveling, transl.; Frederick [i.e., Friedrich] Engels, editor, Capital: A Critical Analysis of Capitalist Production: Translated from the Third German Edition, volume I, London: Swan Sonnenschein, Lowrey, & Co., […], OCLC 959604809 ↗, part IV (Production of Relative Surplus-value), section 1 (Twofold Origin of Manufacture), page 327 ↗:
- A carriage, for example, was formerly the product of the labour of a great number of independent artificers, such as wheelwrights, harness-makers, tailors, locksmiths, upholsterers, turners, fringe-makers, glaziers, painters, polishers, gilders, &c. [...] [I]f a number of carriages are being made simultaneously, some may be in the hands of the gilders while others are going through an earlier process.
- French: doreur, doreuse
- German: Vergolder, Vergolderin
- Italian: doratore, doratrice, indoratore, indoratrice
- Portuguese: dourador, douradora, doirador, doiradora
- Spanish: dorador, doradora
gilder (plural gilders)
- (archaic, rare) Alternative spelling of guilder
- c. 1594, William Shakespeare, “The Comedie of Errors”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act I, scene i], page 85 ↗, column 1:
- The enmity and diſcord which of late / Sprung from the rancorous outrage of your Duke, / To Merchants our well-dealing Countrimen, / Who wanting gilders to redeeme their liues, / Haue ſeal'd his rigorous ſtatutes with their blouds, / Excludes all pitty from our threatning lookes: [...]