- IPA: /hiːv/
heave (heaves, present participle heaving; past heaved, past participle heaved)
- (transitive) To lift with difficulty; to raise with some effort; to lift (a heavy thing).
- We heaved the chest-of-drawers on to the second-floor landing.
- (transitive) To throw, cast.
- They heaved rocks into the pond.
- The cap'n hove the body overboard.
- (intransitive) To rise and fall.
- Her chest heaved with emotion.
- Frequent for breath his panting bosom heaves.
- the heaving plain of ocean
- (transitive) To utter with effort.
- She heaved a sigh and stared out of the window.
- c. 1598–1600, William Shakespeare, “As You Like It”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act II, scene i]:
- The wretched animal heaved forth such groans.
- (transitive, nautical) To pull up with a rope or cable.
- Heave up the anchor there, boys!
- (transitive, archaic) To lift (generally); to raise, or cause to move upwards (particularly in ships or vehicles) or forwards.
- Here a little child I stand, / Heaving up my either hand.
- (intransitive) To be thrown up or raised; to rise upward, as a tower or mound.
- 1715, Alexander Pope, The Temple of Fame:
- And the huge columns heave into the sky.
- where heaves the turf in many a mouldering heap
- the heaving sods of Bunker Hill
- (transitive, mining, geology) To displace (a vein, stratum).
- (transitive, now rare) To cause to swell or rise, especially in repeated exertions.
- The wind heaved the waves.
- (ambitransitive, nautical) To move in a certain direction or into a certain position or situation.
- to heave the ship ahead
- (intransitive) To retch, to make an effort to vomit; to vomit.
- The smell of the old cheese was enough to make you heave.
- (intransitive) To make an effort to raise, throw, or move anything; to strain to do something difficult.
- The Church of England had struggled and heaved at a reformation ever since Wyclif's days.
- (obsolete, UK, thieves) To rob; to steal from; to plunder.
heave (plural heaves)
- An effort to raise something, such as a weight or one's own body, or to move something heavy.
- An upward motion; a rising; a swell or distention, as of the breast in difficult breathing, of the waves, of the earth in an earthquake, etc.
- 1749, [John Cleland], “(Please specify the letter or volume)”, in Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure [Fanny Hill], London: Printed [by Thomas Parker] for G. Fenton [i.e., Fenton and Ralph Griffiths] […], OCLC 731622352 ↗:
- and now the bed shook, the curtains rattled so, that I could scarce hear the sighs and murmurs, the heaves and pantings that accompanied the action, from the beginning to the end
- A horizontal dislocation in a metallic lode, taking place at an intersection with another lode.
- (nautical) The measure of extent to which a nautical vessel goes up and down in a short period of time. Compare pitch.
- An effort to vomit; retching.
- (rare, only used attributively as in "heave line" or "heave horse") Broken wind in horses.
- Spanish: ondular