include
Pronunciation
  • (RP) IPA: /ɪnˈkluːd/
  • (GA) IPA: /ɪnˈkluːd/
Verb

include (includes, present participle including; past and past participle included)

  1. To bring into a group, class, set, or total as a (new) part or member.
    I will purchase the vacation package if you will include car rental.
  2. To contain, as parts of a whole; to comprehend.
    The vacation package includes car rental.
    Does this volume of Shakespeare include his sonnets?
    I was included in the invitation to the family gathering.
    up to and including page twenty-five
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 8”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708 ↗; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554 ↗:
      The whole included race, his purposed prey.
    • c. 1593, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Richard the Third: […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act I, scene iii]:
      The loss of such a lord includes all harm.
  3. (obsolete) To enclose, confine. [from early 15th c.]
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: […], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970 ↗:
      , New York, 2001, p.107:
      I could have here willingly ranged, but these straits wherein I am included will not permit.
  4. (obsolete) To conclude; to terminate.
    • c. 1590–1591, William Shakespeare, “The Two Gentlemen of Verona”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act V, scene iv]:
      Come, let us go; we will include all jars / With triumphs, mirth, and rare solemnity.
  5. (programming) To use a directive that allows the use of source code from another file.
    You have to include the strings library to use this function.
Antonyms Related terms Translations Translations Noun

include (plural includes)

  1. (programming) A piece of source code or other content that is dynamically retrieved for inclusion in another item.
    • 2006, Laura Lemay, Rafe Colburn, Sams Teach Yourself Web Publishing with HTML and CSS in One Hour a Day
      In the previous lesson, you learned how to use server-side includes, which enable you to easily include snippets of web pages within other web pages.



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