instrumental case (plural instrumental cases)
- (grammar) A noun case used to express means or agency—and is generally indicated in English by by or with with the objective. Languages that use the instrumental case include Armenian, Serbo-Croatian, Czech, Dyirbal, Georgian, Latvian, Slovene, Polish, Quechua, Russian, Assamese, Turkish and Sanskrit. Extinct languages that used the instrumental case include Old English, Old Saxon and Old High German.
- French: instrumental, cas instrumental
- German: Instrumentalis, Instrumental-Kasus, Instrumental, Womit-Fall
- Italian: caso strumentale
- Portuguese: caso instrumental, instrumental
- Russian: твори́тельный паде́ж
- Spanish: caso instrumental, instrumental