(rhetoric) A statement that, when taken in context, may actually mean something different from, or the opposite of, what is written literally; the use of words expressing something other than their literal intention, often in a humorous context.
- Dramatic irony: a theatrical effect in which the meaning of a situation, or some incongruity in the plot, is understood by the audience, but not by the characters in the play.
- Ignorance feigned for the purpose of confounding or provoking an antagonist; Socratic irony.
- The state of two usually unrelated entities, parties, actions, etc. being related through a common connection in an uncommon way.
- (informal) Contradiction between circumstances and expectations; condition contrary to what might be expected. [from the 1640s]
- French: ironie
- German: Ironie
- Italian: ironia, paradosso
- Portuguese: ironia
- Russian: иро́ния
- Spanish: ironía
- French: ferreux
- Portuguese: ferroso