• (British) IPA: /ləʊm/
  • (America) IPA: /loʊm/


  1. (geology) A type of soil; an earthy mixture of sand, silt and clay, with organic matter to which its fertility is chiefly due.
    • 1602 : William Shakespeare, Hamlet, act V scene 1
      Alexander died, Alexander was buried, Alexander
      returneth to dust, the dust is earth, of earth we make
      loam, and of why that loam whereto he was converted
      might they not stop a beer-barrel?
  2. (metalworking) A mixture of sand, clay, and other materials, used in making moulds for large castings, often without a pattern.
  • French: terre grasse
  • German: Lehm
  • Italian: terra grassa
  • Portuguese: solo franco
  • Russian: сугли́нок
  • Spanish: suelo franco

loam (loams, present participle loaming; past and past participle loamed)

  1. To cover, smear, or fill with loam.

loam (not comparable)

  1. Made of loam; consisting of loam.

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