• (RP) IPA: /ˈmɑːʃəl/
  • (GA) IPA: /ˈmɑɹʃəl/


  1. (comparable) Of, relating to, or suggestive of war#Noun|war; warlike.
    • 1576, George Whetstone, “The Ortchard of Repentance: […]”, in The Rocke of Regard, Diuided into Foure Parts. [...], Imprinted at London: [By H. Middleton] for Robert Waley, OCLC 837515946 ↗; republished in J[ohn] P[ayne] Collier, editor, The Rocke of Regard, Diuided into Foure Parts. [...] (Illustrations of Early English Poetry; vol. 2, no. 2), London: Privately printed, [1867?], OCLC 706027473 ↗, page 216 ↗:
      The captaine he, which climbes for high advaunce, / By piercing blade imbrude in enimies blood, / In martiall ſhewes who formoſt leades the daunce, [...]
    • 1668, John Dryden, Annus Mirabilis: The Year of Wonders, M. DC. LXVI. […], London: Printed for Henry Herringman, […], OCLC 1064438096 ↗, stanza 12, page 4 ↗:
      But peaceful Kings, o'r martial people ſet, / Each others poize and counter-ballance are.
  2. (comparable) Connected with or relating to armed forces or the profession of arm#Noun|arms or military#Adjective|military life.
  3. (comparable) Characteristic of or befitting a warrior; having a military bearing#Noun|bearing; soldierly.
    Synonyms: soldierlike, warriorlike
    • c. 1599–1602, William Shake-speare, The Tragicall Historie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke: […] (First Quarto), London: Printed [by Valentine Simmes] for N[icholas] L[ing] and Iohn Trundell, published 1603, OCLC 84758312 ↗, [Act I, scene i] ↗:
      With Marſhall ſtalke he paſſed through our watch.
    • 1701 January (indicated as 1700), [Daniel Defoe], The True-Born Englishman. A Satyr, [London: s.n.], OCLC 606597370 ↗, part II, [;view=1up;seq=75 page 58]:
      His Martial Valour Flanders will confeſs; / And France Regrets his Managing the Peace. / Faithful to England’s Intereſt and her King: / The greateſt Reaſon of our Murmuring.
  4. (not comparable, astrology, obsolete) Pertaining to the astrological influence#Noun|influence of the planet Mars.
  5. (not comparable, astronomy, obsolete) Of or relating to the planet Mars; Martian#Adjective|Martian.
    • [1611?], Homer, “Book IV”, in Geo[rge] Chapman, transl., The Iliads of Homer Prince of Poets. […], London: Printed for Nathaniell Butter, OCLC 614803194 ↗; The Iliads of Homer, Prince of Poets, […] In Two Volumes, volume I, new edition, London: Charles Knight and Co., […], 1843, OCLC 987451361 ↗, page 117 ↗:
      [R]ound about the plain / All hid with slaughter'd carcasses, yet still did hotly reign / The martial planet; [...]
  6. (not comparable, chemistry, medicine, obsolete) Containing, or relating to, iron#Noun|iron (which was symbolically associated with the planet Mars by alchemists); chalybeate, ferric, ferrous.
    martial preparations martial flowers (a reddish crystalline salt of iron)
Related terms Translations Translations Translations Noun

martial (plural martials)

  1. (obsolete) A soldier#Noun|soldier, a warrior.
  2. (astrology, obsolete) A celestial object under the astrological influence#Noun|influence of the planet Mars.
  3. (chiefly, science fiction, obsolete) Synonym of Martian#English|Martian (“inhabitant of the planet Mars”)

  • (RP) IPA: /ˈmɑːʃəl/
  • (GA) IPA: /ˈmɑɹʃəl/
Proper noun
  1. A male given name, narrowly applied to certain historic persons (but some of its foreign cognates are modern given names).
    Saint Martial was the first bishop of Limoges, circa 250
  2. An Anglicized cognomen or given name of the Roman poet Marcus Valerius Martialis, born in Spain in the first century AD and noted for his epigrams.
Related terms Translations Translations
  • German: Martial
  • Portuguese: Marcial
  • Russian: Марциа́л

martial (not comparable)

  1. (astronomy, obsolete) Alternative letter-case form of martial (“of or relating to the planet Mars”)

martial (plural martials)

  1. (chiefly, science fiction, obsolete) Alternative letter-case form of martial (“inhabitant of the planet Mars; Martian”)

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