off
Pronunciation
  • (RP) IPA: /ɒf/
  • (Conservative RP) IPA: /ɔːf/
  • (America) enPR: ŏf, IPA: /ɔf/
  • (cot-caught, Canada) IPA: /ɑf/

Adverb

off (not comparable)

  1. In a direction away from the speaker or object.
    • 1908, W[illiam] B[lair] M[orton] Ferguson, chapter IV, in Zollenstein, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 731476803 ↗:
      So this was my future home, I thought! […] Backed by towering hills, the but faintly discernible purple line of the French boundary off to the southwest, a sky of palest Gobelin flecked with fat, fleecy little clouds, it in truth looked a dear little city; the city of one's dreams.
    He drove off in a cloud of smoke.
  2. Into a state of non-operation; into a state of non-existence.
    Please switch off the light when you leave.
    die off
  3. So as to remove or separate, or be removed or separated.
    He bit off the end of the carrot.
    Some branches were sawn off.
  4. Used in various other ways specific to individual idiomatic phrases, e.g. bring off, show off, put off, tell off, etc. See the entry for the individual phrase.
Synonyms

Antonyms

Translations Translations
Adjective

off

  1. Inoperative, disabled.
    Antonyms: on
    All the lights are off.
  2. Cancelled; not happening.
    The party's off because the hostess is sick.
  3. Rancid, rotten, gone bad.
    Antonyms: fresh
    This milk is off!
  4. Less than normal, in temperament or in result.
    sales are off this quarter
  5. Inappropriate; untoward.
    I felt that his comments were a bit off.
  6. (in phrases such as 'well off', 'better off', 'poorly off') Circumstanced.
  7. Started on the way.
    off to see the wizard
    And they're off! Whatsmyname takes an early lead, with Remember The Mane behind by a nose.
    • 1922 , James Joyce, Ulysses, chapter V:
      —Hello, Bloom. Where are you off to?
      —Hello, M’Coy. Nowhere in particular.
  8. Far; off to the side.
    He took me down the corridor and into an off room.
    the off horse or ox in a team, in distinction from the nigh or near horse
    • 1937, Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching God, Harper Perennial (2000), p.151:
      He came in, took a look and squinched down into a chair in an off corner and didn’t open his mouth.
  9. Designating a time when one is not strictly attentive to business or affairs, or is absent from a post, and, hence, a time when affairs are not urgent.
    He took an off day for fishing.  an off year in politics; the off season
  10. (in phrases such as 'off day') Designating a time when one is not performing to the best of one's abilities.
  11. (of a dish on a menu) Presently unavailable.
    I'll have the chicken please.
    Sorry, chicken's off today.
  12. (British, in relation to a vehicle) On the side furthest from the kerb (the right-hand side if one drives on the left).
    • 1963, Jack Schaefer: Monte Walsh, page 174:
      The man and the horse came closer and were Sonny Jacobs of the Diamond Six and a smallish neat sorrel definitely favouring its off forefoot.
    The off front wheel came loose.
    Antonyms: near
  13. (cricket) In, or towards the half of the field away from the batsman's legs; the right side for a right-handed batsman.
    Antonyms: on, leg
Translations Translations
Preposition
  1. Not positioned upon; away from a position upon.
    He's off the roof now.
    I took it off the table.
    Keep off the grass.
  2. Detached, separated, excluded or disconnected from; away from a position of attachment or connection to.
    The phone is off the hook
    The coat fell off the peg.
    He was thrown off the team for cheating.
    We've been off the grid for three days now.
    We're off their radar.
    He's off the computer, but he's still on the phone.
  3. Used to indicate the location or direction of one thing relative to another, implying adjacency or accessibility via.
    His office is off this corridor on the right.
    We're just off the main road.
    Look! There's a UFO off our left wing!
  4. Used to express location at sea relative to land or mainland.
    The island is 23 miles off the cape.
  5. Removed or subtracted from.
    There's 20% off the list price.
  6. No longer wanting or taking.
    He's been off his feed since Tuesday.
    He's off his meds again.
  7. (colloquial, more properly 'from') Out of the possession of.
    He didn't buy it off him. He stole it off him.
  8. Placed after a number (of products or parts, as if a unit), in commerce or engineeringtopics en.
    Tantalum bar 6 off 3/8" Dia × 12" — Atom, Great Britain Atomic Energy Authority, 1972
    samples submitted … 12 off Thermistors type 1K3A531 … — BSI test report for shock and vibration testing, 2000
    I'd like to re-order those printer cartridges, let's say 5-off.
Antonyms
  • on#Preposition|on

Verb

off (offs, present participle offing; past and past participle offed)

  1. (transitive, slang) To kill.
    He got in the way so I had him offed.
  2. (transitive, Singapore, Philippines) To switch off.
    Can you off the light?
Translations Translations
Noun

off (uncountable)

  1. (usually in phrases such as 'from the off', 'at the off', etc.) Beginning; starting point.
    He has been very obviously an untrustworthy narrator right from the off.



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