pawn
Pronunciation
  • (British) IPA: /pɔːn/
  • (America) IPA: /pɔn/
  • (cot-caught) IPA: /pɑn/
  • (Southern American English) IPA: /pɑɒn/

Noun

pawn (plural pawns)

  1. (chess) The most common chess piece, or a similar piece in a similar game. In chess each side has eight; moves are only forward, and attacks are only forward diagonally or en passant.
  2. (figurative) Someone who is being manipulated or used to some end.
    Though a pawn of the gods, her departure is the precipitating cause of the Trojan War.
Synonyms Translations Translations
Noun

pawn

  1. (uncountable) The state of being held as security for a loan, or as a pledge.
    All our jewellery was in pawn by this stage.
  2. An instance of pawning something.
    • 1595 December 9 (first known performance)​, William Shakespeare, “The life and death of King Richard the Second”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act II, scene i]:
      Redeem from broking pawn the blemish'd crown.
    • As the morning dew is a pawn of the evening fatness, so, O Lord, let this day's comfort be the earnest of to-morrow's.
  3. (now rare) An item given as security on a loan, or as a pledge.
    • c. 1603–1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of King Lear”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act I, scene i]:
      My life I never held but as a pawn / To wage against thy enemies.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: […], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970 ↗:
      , New York, 2001, p.106:
      Brokers, takers of pawns, biting userers, I will not admit; yet […] I will tolerate some kind of usery.
    • RQ
      As for mortgaging or pawning, […] men will not take pawns without use [i.e. interest].
  4. (rare) A pawnshop; pawnbroker.
Translations
  • French: prêt sur gage
  • German: Verpfändung
  • Portuguese: penhora
  • Spanish: empeño
Translations Translations
Verb

pawn (pawns, present participle pawning; past and past participle pawned)

  1. To pledge; to stake or wager.
  2. To give as security on a loan of money; especially, to deposit (something) at a pawn shop.
    • 1904, Henry Warren, The Customer's Guide to Banking (page 7)
      A certain, and probably an appreciable, proportion of his so-called money at call and short notice would consist of fortnightly advances made to members of the Stock Exchange against pawned stocks and shares.
    • 1965, Bob Dylan, Like a Rolling Stone
      But you'd better take your diamond ring, you'd better pawn it, babe.
Synonyms
  • (to deposit at a pawn shop) hock
Translations
Noun

pawn

  1. Alternative form of paan
    • 1892, Chambers's Journal (volume 69, page 320)
      To our English taste, pawn is very offensive; but the natives of India relish it, and regard it as a necessity. It is much eaten by Mohammedans of both sexes, and by the natives of Bengal.

Noun

pawn (plural pawns)

  1. A gallery.

Verb

pawn (pawns, present participle pawning; past and past participle pawned)

  1. (video games) Alternative form of pwn



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