• (RP) IPA: /fəˈnɒlədʒi/
  • (America) IPA: /fəˈnɑlədʒi/


  1. (linguistics, uncountable) The study of the way sounds function in languages, including phonemes, syllable structure, stress, accent, intonation, and which sounds are distinctive units within a language.
  2. (linguistics, countable) The way sounds function within a given language; a phonological system.
    • 1856, Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia, Mission Press, page 16:
      The Achean, the ancient Malayu and other mixed phonologies possessing a considerable degree of harshness, were thus formed.
    • 1997, Jacek Fisiak, Trends in Linguistics: Studies in Middle English Linguistics ISBN 3110152428, Walter de Gruyter, page 545:
      Crucially, the neat separateness of phonologies which my account seems to imply is an abstraction and does not mean that the phonologies represented different regional or social dialects.
    • 2005, Charles W. Kreidler, Phonology, page 219:
      Thus, underlying ‘agtus’ was converted first into ‘āgtus’ by the vowel lengthening rule, and then into ‘āktus’ by the ancient persistent rule. This example has previously been interpreted as indicating that new rules can enter a phonology elsewhere than at depth I.
Synonyms Translations Translations
  • Portuguese: fonologia
  • Russian: фоне́тика

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