• (British) IPA: /pɹɪˈzjuːm/
  • (America) IPA: /pɹiˈz(j)um/, /pɹəˈz(j)um/
  • (Aus) IPA: /pɹɪˈzjuːm/, /pɹɪˈʒuːm/
  • (New Zealand) IPA: /pɹɘˈzjʉːm/, /pɹɘˈʒʉːm/

presume (presumes, present participle presuming; past and past participle presumed)

  1. (transitive) With infinitive object: to be so presumptuous as (to do something) without proper authority or permission. [from 14th c.]
    I wouldn't presume to tell him how to do his job.
  2. (transitive, now rare) To perform, do (something) without authority; to lay claim to without permission. [from 14th c.]
    Don't make the decision yourself and presume too much.
  3. (transitive) To assume or suggest to be true (without proof); to take for granted, to suppose. [from 14th c.]
    Paw-prints in the snow presume a visit from next door's cat.
    Dr. Livingstone, I presume?
    • 2011, John Patterson, The Guardian, 5 Feb 2011:
      If we presume that human cloning may one day become a mundane, everyday reality, then maybe it's time to start thinking more positively about our soon-to-arrive genetically engineered pseudo-siblings.
  4. (intransitive) To be presumptuous; with on, upon, to take advantage (of), to take liberties (with). [from 15th c.]
    • 1609, William Shakespeare, Sonnet 22;
      Presume not on thy heart when mine is slain;
      Thou gavest me thine, not to give back again.
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 75:
      Piliso then vented his anger on us, accusing us of lying to him. He said we had presumed on his hospitality and the good name of the regent.
Synonyms Related terms Translations

This text is extracted from the Wiktionary and it is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license | Terms and conditions | Privacy policy 0.004
Offline English dictionary