- (British) enPR: prīʹmə, IPA: /ˈpɹaɪ.mə(ɹ)/
- (America) enPR: prĭmʹər, IPA: /ˈpɹɪ.mɚ/
- (America, irregular, but common; borrowed from Etymology 2): enPR: prīmʹər, IPA: /ˈpɹaɪmɚ/
primer (plural primers)
- (historical, Catholic ecclesiastical) A prayer or devotional book intended for laity, initially an abridgment of the breviary and manual including the hours of the Virgin Mary, 15 gradual and 7 penitential psalms, the litany, the placebo and dirige forming the office of the dead, and the commendations.
- (historical, Protestant ecclesiastical) Similar works issued in England for private prayer in accordance with the Book of Common Prayer.
- A children's book intended to teach literacy: how to read, write, and spell.
- 1545, The A.B.C. Primers
- An introductory text on any subject, particularly basic concepts.
- (New Zealand) An elementary school class; an elementary school student.
- Portuguese: livro de orações
- French: abécédaire
- German: Fibel, Abecedarium, ABC-Buch
- Italian: sillabario, abbecedario
- Portuguese: cartilha
- Russian: буква́рь
- Spanish: cartilla, abecé, silabario
- French: abc, abécédaire
- German: ABC-Buch, Abecedarium, Abecedar
- Portuguese: cartilha, abecedário
- Russian: буква́рь
- Spanish: abecé, cartilla
- Any substance or device, such as priming wire or blasting cap, used to ignite gunpowder or other explosive.
- (obsolete, rare) A person who primes explosives.
- A substance used to prime wood, metal, etc. in preparation for painting.
- A layer of such a substance.
- A layer of makeup that goes beneath the foundation; undermakeup.
- (obsolete, rare) A person who primes wood, metal, etc.
- (biochemistry) A molecule which initiates the synthesis of an enzyme, (especially) a single-stranded nucleic acid molecule which initiates DNA replication.
- (medicine, zoology) A pheromone which interacts first with the endocrine system.
- A device used to prime an internal combustion engine with gasoline, (especially) in airplanes.
- A person who prunes trees.
- German: Grundierung
- Russian: грунто́вка
primer (not comparable)
- (obsolete) First in time, initial, early.
- the primer English kings
- (obsolete) First in importance, premier.
- (obsolete, rare) First in position, foremost.