• (RP) IPA: /ˈpɹɒmɪs/
  • (GA) IPA: /ˈpɹɑmɪs/


  1. (countable) an oath or affirmation; a vow
    if I make a promise, I always stick to it;  he broke his promise
  2. (countable) a transaction between two persons whereby the first person undertakes in the future to render some service or gift to the second person or devotes something valuable now and here to his use
    • 1668 July 3rd, James Dalrymple, “Thomas Rue contra Andrew Houſtoun” in The Deciſions of the Lords of Council & Seſſion I (Edinburgh, 1683), pages 547–548 ↗
      He purſued Andrew Houſtoun upon his promiſe, to give him the like Sallary for the next year, and in abſence obtained him to be holden as confeſt and Decerned.
  3. (uncountable) reason to expect improvement or success; potential
    • My native country was full of youthful promise.
    She shows great promise as an actress.
  4. (countable, computing, programming) a placeholder object representing the eventual result of an asynchronous operation
    Synonyms: delay, deferred, future
  5. (countable, obsolete) bestowal or fulfillment of what is promised
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Acts 1:4 ↗:
      He […] commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father.
Translations Translations Verb

promise (promises, present participle promising; past and past participle promised)

  1. (ambitransitive) To commit to (some action or outcome), or to assure (a person) of such commitment; to make an oath or vow.
    If you promise not to tell anyone, I will let you have this cake for free.
    He promised to never return to this town again.
    She promised me a big kiss if I would drive her to the airport.
    I can't promise success, but I'll do the best I can.
  2. (intransitive) To give grounds for expectation, especially of something good.
    The clouds promise rain.
Synonyms Translations

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