provost
Pronunciation
  • (British) IPA: /ˈpɹɒvəst/, /ˈpɹɒvɒst/
    (As military police) IPA: /pɹəʊˈvəʊ/
  • (America) IPA: /ˈpɹoʊvoʊst/, /ˈpɹɑvəst/
Noun

provost (plural provosts)

  1. One placed in charge: a head, a chief, particularly:
    1. (religion, historical) A dean: the head of a cathedral chapter.
    2. (religion) The head of various other ecclesiastical bodies, even (rare, obsolete) muezzins.
    3. (religion) The minister of the chief Protestant church of a town or region in Germany, the Low Countries, and Scandinavia.
    4. (UK, higher education) The head of various colleges and universities.
    5. (obsolete) A ruler.
    6. A mayor: the chief magistrate of a town, particularly (Scotland) the head of a burgh or (historical) the former chiefs of various towns in France, Flanders, or (by extension) other Continental European countries.
  2. A senior deputy, a superintendent, particularly:
    1. (religion, historical) A prior: an abbot's second-in-command.
    2. (US, higher education) A senior deputy administrator; a vice-president of academic affairs.
    3. (historical) A steward or seneschal: a medieval agent given management of a feudal estate or charged with collecting fees; (obsolete, sometimes as ~ of Paradise or ~ of Heaven) a title of the archangel Michael.
    4. (historical) Any manager or overseer in a medieval or early modern context.
    5. (obsolete) A viceroy.
    6. (obsolete) A governor.
    7. (obsolete) A reeve.
    8. (obsolete) Various Roman offices, as prefect and praetor.
    9. (historical) A constable: a medieval or early modern official charged with arresting, holding, and punishing criminals.
      • 1604, William Shakespeare, Measure, for Measure, Act I, Scene ii, Line 113:
        Here comes Signor Claudio, led by the provost
        to prison;
    10. (military) An officer of the military police, particularly provost marshal or provost sergeant.
    11. (fencing, historical) An assistant fencing master.
  3. (UK, military slang, obsolete) A provost cell: a military cell or prison.
Synonyms Translations Translations Translations Verb

provost (provosts, present participle provosting; past and past participle provosted)

  1. (UK, transitive, used in passive, obsolete, military slang) To be delivered to a provost marshal for punishment.
    Around the time of the Rebellions of 1837 and the First Anglo-Afghan War, British servicemen spoke of being provosted.

Provost
Proper noun
  1. Surname for a provost.



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