• (America, British) IPA: /ˈɹiː.sɛs/, /ɹɪ.ˈsɛs/


  1. (countable or uncountable) A break, pause or vacation.
    Spring recess offers a good chance to travel.
    • 18, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter 1, in The History of England from the Accession of James the Second, volume (please specify ), London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, OCLC 1069526323 ↗:
  2. An inset, hole, space or opening.
    Put a generous recess behind the handle for finger space.
    • a bed which stood in a deep recess
  3. (US, Australia, Canada) A time of play during the school day, usually on a playground; (UK) break, playtime.
    Students who do not listen in class will not play outside during recess.
  4. A decree of the imperial diet of the old German empire.
  5. (archaic) A withdrawing or retiring; a moving back; retreat.
    the recess of the tides
    • every degree of ignorance being so far a recess and degradation from rationality
    • My recess hath given them confidence that I may be conquered.
  6. (archaic) The state of being withdrawn; seclusion; privacy.
    • In the recess of the jury they are to consider the evidence.
    • Good verse recess and solitude requires.
  7. (archaic) A place of retirement, retreat, secrecy, or seclusion.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 10”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708 ↗; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554 ↗:
      Departure from this happy place, our sweet
      Recess, and onely consolation left
  8. A secret or abstruse part.
    the difficulties and recesses of science
  9. (botany, zoology) A sinus.
Synonyms Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations Verb

recess (recesses, present participle recessing; past and past participle recessed)

  1. To inset into something, or to recede.
    Wow, look at how that gargoyle recesses into the rest of architecture.
    Recess the screw so it does not stick out.
  2. (intransitive) To take or declare a break.
    This court shall recess for its normal two hour lunch now.
    Class will recess for 20 minutes.
  3. (transitive, informal) To appoint, with a recess appointment.
    • 2013, Michael Grunwald, "Cliff Dweller", in Time, ISSN 0040-781X, volume 181, number 1, 2013 January 14, page 27:
      To the National Rifle Association's delight, the Senate has hobbled the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives by failing to confirm a director since 2006, but Obama hasn't made a recess appointment. […] "The President's view of his own power is a constrained one," says White House counsel Kathryn Ruemmler. "Many of his nominees have languished, but he's only recessed the ones that were critical to keep agencies functioning."
  4. To make a recess in.
    to recess a wall
  • Russian: углубля́ть
  1. (obsolete, rare) Remote, distant (in time or place).
    • , Thomas Salusbury: Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems: I should think it best in the subsequent discourses to begin to examine whether the Earth be esteemed immoveable, as it hath been till now believed by most men, or else moveable, as some ancient Philosophers held, and others of not very recesse times were of opinion;

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