rein
Pronunciation Noun

rein (plural reins)

  1. A strap or rope attached to a bridle or bit, used to control a horse, animal or young child.
  2. (figurative) An instrument or means of curbing, restraining, or governing.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 10”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708 ↗; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554 ↗:
      Let their eyes rove without rein.
Translations Verb

rein (reins, present participle reining; past and past participle reined)

  1. (transitive) To direct or stop a horse by using reins.
    • He mounts and reins his horse.
  2. (transitive) To restrain; to control; to check.
    • c. 1608–1609, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act III, scene iii]:
      Being once chafed, he cannot / Be reined again to temperance.
  3. (intransitive) To obey directions given with the reins.
    • 2011, Marie Claire Peck, Rocking Horse Ranch (page 40)
      She worked each horse at a walk, trot, and then a canter. The horses reined well and executed stops quickly.
Noun

rein (plural reins)

  1. (now rare, archaic, chiefly in plural) A kidney.
    • 1603, Michel de Montaigne, chapter 12, in John Florio, transl., The Essayes, […], book II, printed at London: By Val[entine] Simmes for Edward Blount […], OCLC 946730821 ↗:
      a man subject to these like imaginations […] hath often the stone imaginarily, before he have it in his reines […].
    • 1611, King James Bible, Lamentations 3:13:
      He hath caused the arrows of his quiver to enter into my reins.
  2. The inward impulses; the affections and passions, formerly supposed to be located in the area of the kidneys.
    • Bible, Proverbs xxiii. 16
      My reins rejoice, when thy lips speak right things.
    • Bible, Revelation ii. 23
      I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts.



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