retain
Pronunciation
  • IPA: /ɹɪˈteɪn/
Verb

retain (retains, present participle retaining; past and past participle retained)

  1. (transitive) To keep in possession or use.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 5”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708 ↗; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554 ↗:
      Be obedient, and retain / Unalterably firm his love entire.
    • 1886, Eleanor Marx-Aveling (translator), Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary, first published 1856, Part III Chapter XI
      A strange thing was that Bovary, while continually thinking of Emma, was forgetting her. He grew desperate as he felt this image fading from his memory in spite of all efforts to retain it. Yet every night he dreamt of her; it was always the same dream. He drew near her, but when he was about to clasp her she fell into decay in his arms.
  2. (transitive) To keep in one's pay or service.
    • 1705 (revised 1718), Joseph Addison, Remarks on Several Parts of Italy
      A Benedictine convent has now retained the most learned father of their order to write in its defence.}}
  3. (transitive) To employ by paying a retainer.
  4. (transitive) To hold secure.
  5. (transitive, education) To hold back (a pupil) instead of allowing them to advance to the next class or year.
  6. (obsolete) To restrain; to prevent.
  7. (intransitive, obsolete) To belong; to pertain.
    • A somewhat languid relish, retaining to bitterness.
Synonyms Translations Translations
  • Russian: нанима́ть
Translations


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