return (returns, present participle returning; past and past participle returned)
- (intransitive) To come or go back (to a place or person).
- Although the birds fly north for the summer, they return here in winter.
- (intransitive) To go back in thought, narration, or argument.
- To return to my story […]
- (intransitive, obsolete) To turn back, retreat.
- a. 1472, Thomas Malory, “(please specify the chapter)”, in [Le Morte Darthur], book V, [London: […] by William Caxton], published 31 July 1485, OCLC 71490786 ↗; republished as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, Le Morte Darthur […], London: Published by David Nutt, […], 1889, OCLC 890162034 ↗:
- ‘I suppose here is none woll be glad to returne – and as for me,’ seyde Sir Cador, ‘I had lever dye this day that onys to turne my bak.’
- (transitive, obsolete) To turn (something) round.
- a. 1472, Thomas Malory, “Capitulum xiij”, in [Le Morte Darthur], book X, [London: […] by William Caxton], published 31 July 1485, OCLC 71490786 ↗; republished as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, Le Morte Darthur […], London: Published by David Nutt, […], 1889, OCLC 890162034 ↗:
- Whan Kyng Marke harde hym sey that worde, he returned his horse and abode by hym.
- (transitive) To place or put back something where it had been.
- Please return your hands to your lap.
- (transitive) To give something back to its original holder or owner.
- You should return the library book within one month.
- (transitive) To take back something to a vendor for a refund.
- If the goods don't work, you can return them.
- To give in requital or recompense; to requite.
- (tennis) To bat the ball back over the net in response to a serve.
- The player couldn't return the serve because it was so fast.
- (card games) To play a card as a result of another player's lead.
- If one players plays a trump, the others must return a trump.
- (cricket) To throw a ball back to the wicket-keeper (or a fielder at that position) from somewhere in the field.
- (transitive) To say in reply; to respond.
- to return an answer; to return thanks
- 1897, Henry James, What Maisie Knew
- ‘Ah my good friend, I do look out!’ the young man returned while Maisie helped herself afresh to bread and butter.
- 1859, Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities
- “No!” returned the spy. “I throw up. I confess that we were so unpopular with the outrageous mob, that I only got away from England at the risk of being ducked to death […]
- (intransitive, computing) To relinquish control to the calling procedure.
- (transitive, computing) To pass (data) back to the calling procedure.
- This function returns the number of files in the directory.
- (transitive, dated) To retort; to throw back.
- to return the lie
- If you are a malicious reader, you return upon me, that I affect to be thought more impartial than I am.
- (transitive) To report, or bring back and make known.
- to return the result of an election
- (by extension, UK) To elect according to the official report of the election officers.
- French: revenir, retourner, s'en retourner
- German: zurückkehren, zurückkommen
- Italian: tornare
- Portuguese: voltar, retornar, regressar
- Russian: возвраща́ться
- Spanish: volver, regresar
- French: rendre, retourner
- German: zurückgeben
- Italian: restituire, rendere
- Portuguese: devolver, retornar, restituir
- Russian: возвраща́ть
- Spanish: devolver
- French: relancer
- Portuguese: retornar
return (plural returns)
- The act of returning.
- I expect the house to be spotless upon my return.
- A return ticket.
- Do you want a one-way or a return?
- An item that is returned, e.g. due to a defect, or the act of returning it.
- Last year there were 250 returns of this product, an improvement on the 500 returns the year before.
- An answer.
- a return to one's question
- An account, or formal report, of an action performed, of a duty discharged, of facts or statistics, etc.; especially, in the plural, a set of tabulated statistics prepared for general information.
- election returns; a return of the amount of goods produced or sold
- Gain or loss from an investment.
- The fruit from many days of recreation is very little; but from these few hours we spend in prayer, the return is great.
- It yielded a return of 5%.
- (taxation, finance): A report of income submitted to a government for purposes of specifying exact tax payment amounts. A tax return.
- Hand in your return by the end of the tax year.
- (computing) A carriage return character.
- (computing) The act of relinquishing control to the calling procedure.
- (computing) A return value: the data passed back from a called procedure.
- A return pipe, returning fluid to a boiler or other central plant (compare with flow pipe, which carries liquid away from central plant).
- The boiler technician had to cut out the heating return to access the safety valve.
- A short perpendicular extension of a desk, usually slightly lower.
- (American football) Catching a ball after a punt and running it back towards the opposing team.
- (cricket) A throw from a fielder to the wicket-keeper or to another fielder at the wicket.
- (architecture) The continuation in a different direction, most often at a right angle, of a building, face of a building, or any member, such as a moulding; applied to the shorter in contradistinction to the longer.
- A facade of sixty feet east and west has a return of twenty feet north and south.
- (the act of returning) gaincoming
- French: retour
- German: Rückkehr
- Italian: ritorno
- Portuguese: retorno, volta, regresso
- Russian: возвраще́ние
- Spanish: regreso, retorno, vuelta
- German: Rückfahrkarte
- Italian: reso
- Russian: возвра́т
- Russian: возвра́т
- Russian: возвра́т каретки
- Russian: возвра́т