see also: Rough
Pronunciation Adjective

rough (comparative rougher, superlative roughest)

  1. Not smooth; uneven.
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room Chapter 1
      The rock was one of those tremendously solid brown, or rather black, rocks which emerge from the sand like something primitive. Rough with crinkled limpet shells and sparsely strewn with locks of dry seaweed, a small boy has to stretch his legs far apart, and indeed to feel rather heroic, before he gets to the top.
  2. Approximate; hasty or careless; not finished.
    a rough estimate; a rough sketch of a building; a rough plan
  3. Turbulent.
    rough sea
    • 1927-29, Mahatma Gandhi, The Story of My Experiments with Truth, translated 1940 by Mahadev Desai, Part I, Chapter xii ↗:
      With my mother's permission and blessings, I set off exultantly for Bombay, leaving my wife with a baby of a few months. But on arrival there, friends told my brother that the Indian Ocean was rough in June and July, and as this was my first voyage, I should not be allowed to sail until November.
  4. Difficult; trying.
    Being a teenager nowadays can be rough.
  5. Crude; unrefined
    His manners are a bit rough, but he means well.
  6. Violent; not careful or subtle
    This box has been through some rough handling.
  7. Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating.
    a rough tone; a rough voice
  8. Not polished; uncut; said of a gem.
    a rough diamond
  9. Harsh-tasting.
    rough wine
  10. (chiefly, UK, colloquial, slang) Somewhat ill; sick
  11. (chiefly, UK, colloquial, slang) Unwell due to alcohol; hungover
Antonyms Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations Noun

rough (plural roughs)

  1. The unmowed part of a golf course.
  2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.
  3. (cricket) A scuffed and roughened area of the pitch, where the bowler's feet fall, used as a target by spin bowlers because of its unpredictable bounce.
  4. The raw material from which faceted or cabochon gems are created.
  5. A quick sketch, similar to a thumbnail but larger and more detailed, used for artistic brainstorming.
  6. (obsolete) Boisterous weather.
  7. A piece inserted in a horseshoe to keep the animal from slipping.
  • German: Rough

rough (roughs, present participle roughing; past and past participle roughed)

  1. To create in an approximate form.
    Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.
  2. (ice hockey) To commit the offense of roughing, i.e. to punch another player.
  3. To render rough; to roughen.
  4. To break in (a horse, etc.), especially for military purposes.
  5. To endure primitive conditions.
  6. (transitive) To roughen a horse's shoes to keep the animal from slipping.
Translations Adverb


  1. In a rough manner; rudely; roughly.
    • 1826, [Walter Scott], Woodstock; Or, The Cavalier. A Tale of the Year Sixteen Hundred and Fifty-one. [...] In Three Volumes, volume (please specify ), Edinburgh: Printed [by James Ballantyne and Co.] for Archibald Constable and Co.; London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, OCLC 991895633 ↗:

Proper noun
  1. Surname

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