Pronunciation Noun

rue (uncountable)

  1. (archaic or dialectal) Sorrow; repentance; regret.
  2. (archaic or dialectal) Pity; compassion.
Translations Translations
  • Portuguese: compaixão
  • Russian: сострада́ние

rue (rues, present participle ruing; past and past participle rued)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To cause to repent of sin or regret some past action.
  2. (obsolete, transitive) To cause to feel sorrow or pity.
  3. (transitive) To repent of or regret (some past action or event); to wish that a past action or event had not taken place.
    I rued the day I crossed paths with her.
    • I wept to see, and rued it from my heart.
  4. (archaic, intransitive) To feel compassion or pity.
    • Late 14th century Geoffrey Chaucer, ‘The Franklin's Tale’, Canterbury Tales
      Madame, reweth upon my peynes smerte
    • which stirred men's hearts to rue upon them
  5. (archaic, intransitive) To feel sorrow or regret.
    • ?, Alfred Tennyson, The Death of the Old Year
      Old year, we'll dearly rue for you.
  • French: regretter
  • German: bereuen
  • Portuguese: arrepender
  • Russian: сожале́ть

rue (plural rues)

  1. Any of various perennial shrubs of the genus Ruta, especially the herb Ruta graveolens (common rue), formerly used in medicines.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.2:
      But th'aged Nourse, her calling to her bowre, / Had gathered Rew, and Savine, and the flowre / Of Camphora, and Calamint, and Dill [...].
    • c. 1600, William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act 4, Scene 5, Ophelia:
      There’s fennel for you, and columbines: there’s rue for you; and here’s some for me: we may call it herb-grace o' Sundays: O you must wear your rue with a difference.
Synonyms Translations
  • French: rue odorante, herbe de grâce, Herbe à la belle Fille
  • German: Raute, Weinraute, Gertrudenkraut, Gnadenkraut, Kreuzraute, Totenkraut, Gartenraute, Weinkraut
  • Italian: ruta
  • Portuguese: arruda
  • Russian: ру́та
  • Spanish: ruda

Proper noun
  1. Surname

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