separatism
Noun

separatism

  1. A theory or doctrine which supports a state of separation between organizations, institutions, or other societal groups (e.g. between church and state) or between different political jurisdictions (e.g. a country and its former colony).
    ''She wrote an essay expounding the tenets of Scottish separatism.
  2. The practice of treating members of different societal groups in a politically, legally, or economically different manner.
    Apartheid was a government-enformed form of separatism in which people received unequal social benefits based on race.
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