shall (shall; past should)
- (modal, auxiliary verb, defective) Used before a verb to indicate the simple future tense in the first person singular or plural.
- I shall sing in the choir tomorrow.
- I hope that we shall win the game.
- 1900, L. Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Chapter 23
- "Then, having used up the powers of the Golden Cap, I shall give it to the King of the Monkeys, that he and his band may thereafter be free for evermore."
- Used similarly to indicate determination or obligation in the second and third persons singular or plural.
- (determination): You shall go to the ball!
- (obligation): Citizens shall provide proof of identity.
- Used in questions with the first person singular or plural to suggest a possible future action.
- Shall I help you with that?
- Shall we go out later?
- Let us examine that, shall we?
- (obsolete) To owe.
- German: sollen