Pronunciation Adjective


  1. Intended to deceive; false.
    It was only a sham wedding: they didn't care much for one another, but wanted their parents to stop hassling them.
  2. counterfeit; unreal
    • They scorned the sham independence proffered to them by the Athenians.
Synonyms Antonyms Translations Noun

sham (plural shams)

  1. A fake; an imitation that purports to be genuine.
    The time-share deal was a sham.
  2. Trickery, hoaxing.
    A con-man must be skilled in the arts of sham and deceit.
  3. A false front, or removable ornamental covering.
  4. A decorative cover for a pillow.
Translations Translations Verb

sham (shams, present participle shamming; past and past participle shammed)

  1. To deceive, cheat, lie.
    • Fooled and shammed into a conviction.
  2. To obtrude by fraud or imposition.
    • We must have a care that we do not […] sham fallacies upon the world for current reason.
  3. To assume the manner and character of; to imitate; to ape; to feign.

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