- IPA: /ʃæm/
- Intended to deceive; false.
- It was only a sham wedding: they didn't care much for one another, but wanted their parents to stop hassling them.
- counterfeit; unreal
- They scorned the sham independence proffered to them by the Athenians.
sham (plural shams)
- A fake; an imitation that purports to be genuine.
- The time-share deal was a sham.
- Trickery, hoaxing.
- A con-man must be skilled in the arts of sham and deceit.
- A false front, or removable ornamental covering.
- A decorative cover for a pillow.
- French: feinte, tromperie, ruse, astuce
- German: Schwindel, Mogelei, Betrug
- Italian: trucco, finta
- Russian: моше́нничество
- Spanish: engaño, truco, fraude, farsa
sham (shams, present participle shamming; past and past participle shammed)
- To deceive, cheat, lie.
- Fooled and shammed into a conviction.
- To obtrude by fraud or imposition.
- We must have a care that we do not […] sham fallacies upon the world for current reason.
- To assume the manner and character of; to imitate; to ape; to feign.